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Everyone in his daily life are in contact with objects that depend on oil or natural gas on their making. For example In order for you are car to run it must be filled with oil, Most of you use gas for cooking.

Have you ever asked yourself where do this oil and natural gas come from?

Without using technical words, the article explains how oil and natural gas are formed with three easy steps. If a reader lack prior knowledge of oil and gas industry, do not worry the article uses simple language in order to give you a better understanding.

 

Note: Oil and natural gas are related products often found in tandem, so their process of formation is similar

Okay let’s see how oil and natural gas formed

Stage 1 – All of the oil and gas we use today began as microscopic plants and animals living in the ocean millions of years ago.. In the shallow water where these animals lived, sweep current comes on and pushes these animals down where there is not sufficient oxygen to live and so they die.

Over millions of years, these layers of sands and animals are burned and covered by more layers until the first layer get very deep.

Stage 2 – as they became buried ever deeper, heat and pressure began to rise. The amount of pressure and the degree of heat, along with the type of biomass, determined if the material became oil or natural gas.

 

Bonus:

 

In an area where more shallow and organic materials were buried in a short time we get heavy oil

In area where organic materials were buried very deep over 2,000 meters for long time we get only we get lighter oil

If organic materials buried more than 6, 000 meter deep and for a long time we get only  natural  gas

 

Stage 3 – after oil and natural gas was formed. They tended to migrate through microscopic pores in the surrounding rock.

Some oil and natural gas migrated all the way to the surface and ran away. Other oil and natural gas deposits migrated until they were caught under impermeable layers of rock or clay where they were trapped.

These trapped deposits are the reason why we find oil and natural gas today.

Final words
Dear readers, we love to hear all of these from you , don’t forget to leave your comment below

imagesFidgety oil companies and investors heaved a sigh of relief in August when Kenya and Uganda announced they had picked a route for the world’s longest heated pipeline. Finally, there was a plan for getting the estimated 1 billion barrels in Kenya’s remote northwest out of the country.

The proposed route cut from northern Uganda’s Albertine region, into Kenya, through the Lokichar Basin, and then southeast before terminating in Kenya’s coastal Lamu County. It would have allowed Kenya to share the cost of piping oil with Uganda, which has 6.5 billion barrels of its own oil that it wants to get to market.
 But this week Uganda turned around and announced it had instead signed an agreement with Tanzania and Total (which is exploring in Uganda) to consider a pipeline for Ugandan oil through Tanzania, bypassing Kenya altogether.
Proposed oil pipelines in East Africa.(World Bank, “Leveraging Oil and Gas Industry for the Development of a Competitive Private Sector in Uganda”)

If that plan goes ahead, Kenya’s oil companies—Tullow Oil and its local partner, Africa Oil—would have to foot the bill for the 1,500-kilometer (930-mile) Kenya pipeline, estimated at $4.5 billion, alone. The high price is because the waxy nature of the region’s oil requires that the pipeline be heated, basically to prevent it from becoming a giant candle. With low oil prices as low as they are, it seems more likely that the project will be put on ice.

Uganda’s change of mood threatens more than just the Kenya pipeline. It calls into question the entire $20 billion LAPSSET (Lamu Port South Sudan Ethiopia Transport) Corridor. This an ambitious Kenyan project that includes not only the oil pipeline, but also a road network across the north of the country and a coal-fired power plant.

When LAPSSET was conceived, the idea was to also pump oil out of South Sudan, Kenya’s neighbor to the northwest, thus spreading the costs further. But with South Sudan now embroiled in war, if Uganda steps out of the picture there’ll be less need for the pipeline—and little financial interest or support for the rest of LAPSSET.

You can be sure that Tullow and Africa Oil will scramble to make Uganda believe the Kenya pipeline is the better option. If it were only about costs, they might still have a shot. But Total’s CEO, Patrick Pouyanne, said on Oct. 16 that the company’s chief concern is security.

The planned route is not far from Kenya’s border with Somalia, and Kenya doesn’t have a fantastic track record of protecting its territory from al-Shabaab incursions. Lamu County has suffered a series of attacks by al-Shabaab since Kenya joined the battle against the Islamist militia in Somalia; it also borders Garissa County, where al-Shabaab killed 148 people, mostly students, at a university in April.

The Ministry of Energy and Minerals plans to set up a special local content on gas and oil unit to enable the public easily access information on various issues concerning the sector.
Senior Supplies Officer (Local Content) at the Ministry of Energy and Minerals, Ms Neema Lungangira made the revelation in Dar es Salaam during a seminar organised by Twaweza Organisation to present and discuss the report titled ‘Great Expectations On Gas Sector And Relevant Policies’.
“Government through the ministry is setting up various strategies to enable the citizens fully participate in the oil and gas sector and one of the strategies is the establishment of the special local content unit,” she said.
Among the issues to be tackled under the unit will include public awareness creation, providing knowledge of public participation in the sector.
The unit will be established under the local content policy and will focus on the providing information from the key document on the sector.
According to the report presented by Twaweza at the seminar, citizens do not have access to full information about Tanzania’s gas sector.
Presenting the report, Executive Director of Twaweza, Mr Aidan Eyakuze said that 53 per cent of citizens think that gas from the new offshore discoveries is already flowing with some thinking that both government and foreign companies are already earning revenues from the gas.
The report based on data from ‘Sauti za Wananchi’ Africa’s first nationally representative high frequency mobile survey also indicate that citizens expect four million jobs and 7.5m/- each from gas deposits.
The report which shows that citizens are significantly misinformed about the potential of the country’s deposits, show that 59 per cent of citizens think that natural gas deposits will improve their lives and a similar (58 per cent) expect government to invest gas revenue into public services.
 ION Geophysical Corporation has announced that the TPDC has awarded ION a contract to acquire 4,058 km of 2D seismic, gravity and magnetic data over offshore blocks 4/1B and 4/1C in the Rovuma Delta region. The award follows an international tender, number PA/031/2014-15/W/06, for a 2D multi-client survey, to be known as ‘TPDC Phase I 2015’, that is planned to be acquired in fourth quarter 2015.
“We are very excited on the commencement of this program, which is part of a broader campaign aimed at adding value to all of TPDC assets, both onshore and offshore,” Dr James Mataragio, Managing Director of TPDC, commented. “This survey and three other surveys carried onshore are 100% funded by TPDC. This marks an important step for TPDC, as a National Oil Company, to begin fully focusing on exploration, development and production. Blocks 4/1B and 4/1C are 100% owned and operated by TPDC, and this new seismic data will be used to assist TPDC with a competitive farmout process, details of which will be announced at a later date.”
Joe Gagliardi, Senior Vice President of ION’s Ventures group, added, “ION is delighted to have been awarded this contract, which represents a further phase of seismic acquisition, processing and interpretation services to be provided by ION in support of the government’s hydrocarbon exploration strategy.”
Oil
companies have been doing recruiting in  local university. Where by graduates from these Universities have received jobs offer prior to their graduation date. Forexample In
Tanzania, graduates from University of Dar es Salaam and Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology have received these job offer from oil companies.
In
order to cope with this low level price ,oil companies has been  giving up  to work with local universities  since june last year. The truth is, Many oil
companies will have scarcity of talents 
they used to find  from  local universities. And when I say talents, I mean
from operators, geologist engineers ,accountants, human resources people  and all who have background unrelated with oil
and gas industry
MY
FINAL THOUGHT
  Currently I am very anxious about this low
crude price.If this  downturn will be  long slump,probably  it could affect graduates jobs prospect and
oil companies can’t find the talents they need. But if the slump will be short,
petroleum companies could find the talents they need and this will give
graduate future they are trying to seek for.
Dear
readers we would love to hear your views on all of these
 Petroleum industries require personnel with
diverse academic background, It involve
both technical personnel (such as enigineers , land survey, geomatics)
and non technical personnel ( such as
Lawyer, human resources accounting marketing environmental and safety, banker,
transportation, security insurance and so on.)
You as a Lawyaer or accountant you
might  be interesting to join or make
career change into oil  and gas
industry or for those with engineering background unrelated to oil and gas
industries or no field experience but you
would like  to join into this
industry. To day I will share with you one thing in order to help you join into
petroleum industry.
Lets go,
Generally, company  would  hire you and train you,  even though the company need people, it does
not mean they  would like to start  completely from scratch. This applies to both
technical and non technical personnel. The Company would need some who having
understanding of petroleum field.  You should have a basic knowledge of petroleum industry.To increase chances to get your dream  job  in
petroleum industry you must having a basic understanging of terminology of oil
field such as a word HYDROCARBON and
so on.
What you have To do?
As we have already seen above, for
those with courses unrelated to oil and gas industries like  electrical engineers and accounting, they
must have basic understanding of this petroleum industries in order to join the
industry. May be you ask yourself. “How  i
would manage to know all of these basic concepts in oil and gas industry. The
answer is very straight forward. A great way for you to satand out is would be
to learn that on your own time.With these information age  you can learn any thing you want to learn,
you can know any thing you want to know. Now days every thing is on the internet,
you can learn millions of things simply by touch your mouse or mobile device.
MY FINAL WORDS
If you don’t know where to start and
you are willing to learn the basic of petroleum industries, you should contact
me through Boffuhussein@gmail.com,
and i am going to show you the area where you will find those stuff

 

Dear readers, We would love to hear
your views on all of these

East Africa-focused junior producer Wentworth Resources announced Friday the first gas delivery from its Mnazi Bay Concession in southern Tanzania to the country’s new transnational pipeline.
Wentworth said that two wells are now producing, with the three remaining wells expected to be put on production in the coming months. Initial production volumes will be used for commissioning purposes and to fill the pipeline, with production rates expected to increase to 70 million cubic feet per day by October this year and 80 MMcf/d by the end of 2015.
Wentworth added that the Mnazi Bay joint venture partners have agreed payment security terms with Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation, the buyer of the gas, and various other parties.
Wentworth Managing Director Geoff Bury commented in a company statement:
“We are very pleased to announce that production from Mnazi Bay has now commenced and the Mnazi Bay joint venture is the first supplier to the new transnational pipeline in Tanzania. Concluding the payment guarantee and starting production in our Mnazi Bay gas fields are pivotal events for Wentworth and underpin the long-term viability of our operations in East Africa and our partnership with Maurel & Prom and TPDC.
“Wentworth is well positioned to become a significant gas producer in Tanzania, where supply and demand dynamics offer an opportunity which we and our partners are uniquely placed to realize. We expect to exit 2015 in a strong financial position.”

East Africa-focused junior producer Wentworth Resources announced Friday the first gas delivery from its Mnazi Bay Concession in southern Tanzania to the country’s new transnational pipeline.
Wentworth said that two wells are now producing, with the three remaining wells expected to be put on production in the coming months. Initial production volumes will be used for commissioning purposes and to fill the pipeline, with production rates expected to increase to 70 million cubic feet per day by October this year and 80 MMcf/d by the end of 2015.
Wentworth added that the Mnazi Bay joint venture partners have agreed payment security terms with Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation, the buyer of the gas, and various other parties.
Wentworth Managing Director Geoff Bury commented in a company statement:
“We are very pleased to announce that production from Mnazi Bay has now commenced and the Mnazi Bay joint venture is the first supplier to the new transnational pipeline in Tanzania. Concluding the payment guarantee and starting production in our Mnazi Bay gas fields are pivotal events for Wentworth and underpin the long-term viability of our operations in East Africa and our partnership with Maurel & Prom and TPDC.
“Wentworth is well positioned to become a significant gas producer in Tanzania, where supply and demand dynamics offer an opportunity which we and our partners are uniquely placed to realize. We expect to exit 2015 in a strong financial position.”
Paragon M826 can drill to depths of 20,000 ft
US company Paragon Offshore has appointed Inchcape Shipping Services (ISS) to provide marine and logistic services for a new drilling campaign off the Songo Songo Islands, Tanzania.
The Songo Songo project is the first new commercial drilling operation in Tanzania in a number of years. Paragon Offshore has been contracted by Tanzania’s first natural gas producer, PanAfrican Energy on a nine-month campaign.
“We are delighted by our first appointment by Paragon Offshore in East Africa,” said TS Mahesh, General Manager, ISS Tanzania.
“The opportunity to support this drilling campaign takes ISS to the next level in the oil and gas support service sector in Tanzania and boosts our future growth plans.”
The services ISS is providing for Paragon Offshore include full husbandry, crew logistics, visa assistance as well as arranging marine and air charters.
Paragon Offshore, a leading provider of standard specification offshore drilling services, is deploying jack-up rig M826, which was delivered to the field on board semi-submersible vessel, OHT Falcon, to be floated off and pinned to the drilling location.
M826 is expected to clear actively producing wells to enhance output and drill several new wells in the same field
.

 

The  African Capacity Building Foundation(ACBF) has hailed current government efforts to build  a strong local content legal and policy framework to guide the oil and  gas sector.
Prof  Emmanuel Nnadozie  the Executive Secretary said the local content policies and legislations would ensure the local populace are active in the oil and gas value chain.